Welcome to the Business as Mission Bibliography
This living Bibliography is being built from a published bibliography by Dr. Steve Rundle and is updated regularly in collaboration with Dr. Rundle and other academics in the business as mission movement.
Last updated: September 2017
Business as Mission Bibliography
Adams, B., & Raithatha, M. (2012). Building the kingdom through business: A mission strategy for the 21st century world. Watford, UK: Instant Apostle.
Anonymous. (2013). Transformational development: Lessons from central Asia. Evangelical missions quarterly, 49(1), 64-70.
Alvord, S., Brown, D., & Letts, W. (2004). Social entrepreneurship and societal transformation: An exploratory study. Journal of applied behavioral science, 40(3), 260-282.
Austin, J., Stevenson, H., & Wei-Skillern, J. (2006). Social and commercial entrepreneurship: Same, different, or both? Entrepreneurship theory and & practice, 30(1), 1-22.
Baer, M. (2006). Business as mission: The power of business in the kingdom of God. Seattle, WA: YWAM Publishing.
Baer, M. (2015). Gospel Entrepreneur: Starting a Kingdom Business. Kindle e-book.
Baer, M. (2015). 2IC: Business as Mission for the Rest of Us. Kindle e-book.
Bailey, Stephen. (2007). Is Business as Mission Honest? Evangelical Missions Quarterly. 42(3): 368-372.
Baker, D. (2006). Missional geometry: Plotting the coordinates of business as mission. In T. Steffen & M. Barnett (Eds.), Business as Mission: From Impoverished to Empowered (pp. 37-64). Pasadena, CA: William Carey Library.
Bas (pseudonym) (2012). BAM in the Arab World. St. Francis Magazine. 8(1): 16-21. Available online at http://www.stfrancismagazine.info/ja/content/view/626/38/.
Bates, M. J. (2015). Why business as mission entrepreneurs decided to go into business. Business journal for entrepreneurs, 2015(1), 78-106.
Befus, D. (2002). Kingdom business: The ministry of promoting economic development. Miami, FL: Latin America Mission.
Befus, D. (2005). Where there are no jobs: Enterprise solutions for employment and public goods for the poor. Miami, FL: Latin America Mission.
Befus, D. (2010). Kingdom Business Revisited: The Case of Northern Colombia. Evangelical Missions Quarterly. 45(2): 158-164.
Befus, D. (2013). “Business Education and Microenterprise Revisited: Productivity, Entre-preneurship, and Job Creation,” Christian Business Academy Review, 115-121.
Bronkema, D., & Brown, C. (2009). Business as mission through the lens of development: Transformation. 26(2), 82-88.
Bussau, D., & Mask, R. (2003). Christian microenterprise development: An introduction. Waynesboro, GA: Regnum Books.
Chan, K., & Yamamori, T. (2002). Holistic entrepreneurs in China: A Handbook on the world trade organization and the new opportunities for Christians. Pasadena, CA: William Carey International University Press.
Chewning, R. (2012). “Augustine and Aquinas: Their theological progeny come face to face with “business as mission.”” Journal of biblical integration in business, 15(2), 64-101 (including responses).
Christensen, D. (1997). Training: Endurance food for serious tentmakers. International journal of frontier missions, 14(3), 133-138.
Christiansen, L. (2008). Faith-based social entrepreneurship: Business as mission. Unpublished master’s thesis, Copenhagen Business School, Copenhagen, Denmark. Available at: http://studenttheses.cbs.dk/bitstream/handle/10417/681/linda_christiansen.pdf?sequence=1
Corbett, S., & Fikkert, B. (2009). When helping hurts: How to alleviate poverty without hurting the poor…and Yourself. Chicago, IL: Moody Publishers.
Cox, J. (1997). The tentmaking movement in historical perspective. International journal of frontier missions, 14(3), 111-117.
Danker, W. (2002). Profit for the Lord. Wipf and Stock Publishers.
Dearborn, T., (2014). Business as a holy calling?: A workbook for Christians in business and their pastors. Createspace Independent Publishing Platform.
Dees, G. (1998). Enterprising nonprofits. Harvard business review, 76(1), 54-67.
Dees, G., Emerson, J. & Economy P. (2001). Enterprising Nonprofits: A toolkit for social entrepreneurs. New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Eikenberry, M., & Kluver, D. (2004). The marketization of the non-profit sector: Civil society at risk? Public administration review, 64(2), 132-140.
Eldred, K. (2005). God is at work: Transforming people and nations through business. Ventura, CA: Regal Books.
Emerson, J. (2003). The blended value proposition: Integrating social and financial returns. California management review, 45(4), 35-51.
English, D. (2001). Paul’s secret: A 1st-century strategy for a 21st century world. World Christian, 14(3), 22-26.
Ewert, N. (1992). The role of business enterprise in Christian mission. Transformation. (9), 7-14.
Ewert, N. (2006) God’s kingdom purpose for business: Business as integral mission. In T. Steffen & M. Barnett (Eds.), Business as mission: From impoverished to empowered (pp. 19-36). Pasadena, CA: William Carey Library.
Fruchterman, J. (2011). For love or lucre. Stanford social innovation review, Spring, 41-47.
Gillespie, T., & Lucas, T. (2012). Blurring the boundaries: Emerging legal forms for hybrid organizations, implications for Christian social entrepreneurs. The journal of biblical integration in business, 15(1), 11-28.
Ginter, G. (1998). Overcoming resistance through tentmaking in Woodberry, J. Dudley (ed.) Reaching the resistant: Barriers and bridges for mission. (pp. 209-218). EMS Series #6. Pasadena, CA: William Carey Library.
Goheem, W. (2004). The Galtronics Story. Eugene, OR: Wipf and Stock Publishers.
Golden, K., Hewitt, A., & McBane, M. (2010). Social entrepreneurship: Social impact metrics. Available at: http://www.marsdd.com/news-insights/mars-reports/social-entrepreneurship-social-impact-metrics/
Greer, P., & Smith, P. (2009). The poor will be glad: Joining the revolution to lift the world out of poverty. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan.
Grenz, S. (1999). God’s business: A foundation for Christian mission in the marketplace. Crux, 35(1), 19-25.
Grudem, W. (2003). Business for the glory of God. Wheaton, IL: Crossway.
Guthrie, S. (2000). Tentmaking. In Missions in the third millennium: 21 key trends for the 21st century. (pp. 117-122). Waynesboro, GA: Paternoster Press.
Hamilton, D. (1987). Tentmakers speak: Practical advice from over 400 missionary tentmakers. Duarte, CA: TMQ Research.
Hock, R. (1979). The workshop as a social setting for Paul’s missionary preaching. The catholic biblical quarterly. 14(3), 439-450.
Hoksbergen, R. (2009). Transformational development: The Role of Christian NGOs in SME development. In S. Rundle (Ed.), Economic justice in a flat world: Christian perspectives on globalization (pp. 201-222). Colorado Springs, CO: Paternoster Publishing Co.
Interserve International (2012). Business as Mission – Task Force Report. St. Francis Magazine. 8(1): 33-51. Available online at http://www.stfrancismagazine.info/ja/content/view/625/38/.
Interserve International (2012). Business as Mission – Best Practice Guidelines. St. Francis Magazine. 8(1): 52-66. Available online at http://www.stfrancismagazine.info/ja/content/view/623/38/.
Jean-Louis, D., & Klamer, J. (2016). From aid to trade: How aid organisations, businesses, and governments can work together: Lessons learned from Haiti. Ashland, OH: Fresh Strategy Press.
Johnson, C. N. (2003). Toward a marketplace missiology. Missiology: An international review, 31(1), 87-97.
Johnson, C. N. (2009). Business as mission: A complete guide to theory and practice. Downers Grove, IL: IVP Academic.
Johnson, C., & Rundle, S. (2006.) The distinctives and challenges of business as mission. In T. Steffen & M. Barnett (Eds), Business as mission: From impoverished to empowered (pp. 19-36). Pasadena, CA: William Carey Library. Available at: https://businessasmission.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/DistinctivesAndChallengesOfBusinessAsMission.pdf
Kerr, Robbie and Murray Bennett. (2012). BAM – Searching for the Blue Ocean of Church Planting and Business Impact. St. Francis Magazine. 8(1): 1-15. Available online at http://www.stfrancismagazine.info/ja/content/view/627/38/.
Lai, P. (1998). Starting a business in a restricted access nation: International journal of frontier missions, 15(1), 41-46.
Lai, P. (2003). Problems and solutions for enhancing the effectiveness of tentmakers doing church planting in the 10/40 window. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Asia Graduate School of Theology, Quezon City, Philippines.
Lai, P. (2005). Tentmaking: Business as mission. Colorado Springs, CO: Authentic Media.
Lai, P. (2015). Business for Transformation: Getting Started. Pasadena, CA: William Carey Library.
Lausanne Tentmaker Statement. Available at http://www.globalopps.org/lausanne.htm.
Lavoy, D. (2012). Social enterprise ROI: Measuring the immeasurable. Available at: http://www.cmswire.com/cms/social-business/social-enterprise-roi-measuring-the-immeasurable-015149.php
Lingane, A., & Olsen S. (2004). Guidelines for social return on investment. California management review, 46(3), 116-135.
Little, C. (2014) Business as Mission Under Scrutiny. Evangelical Missions Quarterly, 49(2), 177-185.
Little, J. (2009). Merchant to Romania: Business as Missions in Post-Communist Eastern Europe. Day One Publications.
Livingstone, G. (1994). Tentmaker’s Credibility. Evangelical missions quarterly, 30(1), 6.
Malone, Kelly (2014) “Broadening the tent: Expanding the strategic use of tent-making in cross-cultural mission.” Missiology: An International Review. 42(2): 195-206.
Markiewicz, M. (1999). Business as mission: How two grocers changed the course of a nation. Available at:
Marshall, R. S. (2011). Conceptualizing the international for-profit social entrepreneur. Journal of business ethics, 98,183-198.
Martin, D. (1997). The place of the local church in tentmaking. International journal of frontier missions, 14(3), 131-132.
McLoughlin, M. (2000). Back to the future of missions: The case for marketplace ministry. Vocatio, 1-6.
McNeil, Melanie (2012). Crisis in a BAM Enterprise and the Mission Agency. St. Francis Magazine. 8(1): 22-32. Available online at http://www.stfrancismagazine.info/ja/content/view/624/38/.
Miles, T. (2013). 7 Reasons Tentmaking Businesses Fail: Lessons Learned in Business as Mission. Kindle e-book.
Miller, D. (2007). God at work: The history and promise of the faith at work movement. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
Mordomo, J. Unleashing the Brazilian missionary force. In T. Steffen & M. Barnett (Eds), Business as mission: From impoverished to empowered (pp. 219-39). Pasadena, CA: William Carey Library.
Moreau, A. Scott and Mike O’Rear. (2007). Business as Mission Resources. Evangelical Missions Quarterly. 42(3): 380-386.
Morris, R. (1998). Shrewd yet innocent: Thoughts on tentmaking integrity. International journal of frontier missions, 15(1), 5-8.
Myers, B. (2011). Walking with the poor: Principles and practices of transformational development. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books.
Name Withheld (2011). Business as mission: The effective use of tentmaking in North Africa. Ph.D. diss., Southern Baptist Theological Seminary.
Nichols, J. (2010). Salience of faith: The Role of religious values and practices on strategic decision-making of Christian business owners. Doctoral dissertation, Anderson University, Anderson, Indiana.
Nordstrom, D., & Nielsen J. (1998). How business is integral to tentmaking. International journal of frontier missions, 15(1), 15-18.
Norrish, H. (1990). Lone ranger: Yes or no? Evangelical missions quarterly, 26: 6-14.
Novak, M. (1996). Business as a calling: Work and the examined life. New York: The Free Press.
Owens, H. (2006). Nestorian merchant missionaries and today’s unreached people groups. In T. Steffen & M. Barnett (Eds), Business as mission: From impoverished to empowered (pp.133-146). Pasadena, CA: William Carey Library.
Packer, J. (1990). The Christian’s purpose in business. In Chewning, Richard C. (ed.) Biblical principles and business: The practice (pp. 16-25) Colorado Springs, CO: NavPress.
Pani, DD (2006). North India’s need? A new expatriate breed. In T. Steffen & M. Barnett (Eds), Business as mission: From impoverished to empowered (pp. 147-65). Pasadena, CA: William Carey Library.
Pedersen, E. (2006). Making corporate social responsibility (CSR) operable: How companies translate stakeholder dialogue into practice. Business and society review, 111(2), 137-163.
Pointer, S. & Cooper, M. (2006). Seventeenth century puritan missions: Some implications for business as mission. In T. Steffen & M. Barnett (Eds), Business as mission: From impoverished to empowered (pp.167-180). Pasadena, CA: William Carey Library.
Quattro, S.A. (2012). Is Business as Mission a Flawed Concept? A Reformed Christian Perspective on the BAM Movement. The Journal of Biblical Integration in Business, 15(1), 80-87. Available at: http://www.cbfa.org/JBIBVol15No1.pdf
Rotheroe, N., & Richards, A. (2007). Social return on investment and social enterprise: Transparent accountability for sustainable development. Social enterprise journal, 3(1), 31-48.
Rundle, S. (2000). Ministry, profits, and the schizophrenic tentmaker. Evangelical missions quarterly, 36(3), 292-300.
Rundle, S. (2000). The Christian business scholar and the great commission: A proposal for expanding the agenda. Journal of biblical integration in business, 94-108.
Rundle, S. (2003). Preparing the next generation of kingdom entrepreneurs. In T. Yamamori & K. Eldred (Eds.), On kingdom business: Transforming world mission through kingdom entrepreneurs (pp. 225-244). Wheaton, IL: Crossway Books.
Rundle, S. (2004). Corporate Social Responsibility in a Globalizing World: What’s a Christian Executive to Do? Business and professional ethics journal, 23(4), 171-183. Available at: https://secure.pdcnet.org/8525737F0058014C/file/0DA5D77BAE80AD0F8525742100619F00/$FILE/bpej_2004_0023_0004_0173_0185.pdf
Rundle, S. (2009). Restoring the Role of Business in Mission. In Winter, R. D. and S. C. Hawthorne (eds.) Perspectives on the world Christian movement. Fourth Edition (757-763). Pasadena, CA: William Carey Library.
Rundle, S. (2012). Business as mission hybrids: A review and research agenda. Journal of biblical integration in business, 15(1), 66-79. Available at: http://www.cbfa.org/JBIBVol15No1.pdf
Rundle, S. (2014). Does Donor Support Help or Hinder BAM Practitioners? An Empirical Assessment. International bulletin of missionary research, 38(1), 21-26. Available at: http://www.internationalbulletin.org/issues/2014-01/2014-01-021-rundle.html
Rundle, S. & Steffen, T. (2011). Great commission companies: The Emerging role of business in missions. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press.
Rundle, S. & Sudyk, T. (2007). Funding a kingdom company. Evangelical missions quarterly 43(4), 442-448.
Russell, M. (2006). The biblical basis for the integration of business and missions. In T. Steffen & M. Barnett (Eds), Business as mission: From impoverished to empowered (pp. 117-131). Pasadena, CA: William Carey Library.
Russell, M. (2008). The use of business in missions in Chiang Mai, Thailand. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Asbury Theological Seminary, Wilmore, Kentucky.
Russell, M. (2010). The missional entrepreneur: Principles and practices for business as mission. Birmingham, AL: New Hope Publishing.
Russell, S., Hausman, C., and Vinateri S. (2006). Suits and sandals: Making business as mission work. In T. Steffen & M. Barnett (Eds), Business as mission: From impoverished to empowered (pp. 291-304). Pasadena, CA: William Carey Library.
Seebeck, D. & Stoner T. (2009). My Business, My Mission. Grand Rapids, MI: Partners Worldwide.
Siemens, R. (1998). Why did Paul make tents? A biblical basis for tentmaking. GO Paper A-1. Available at: http://www.globalopps.org.
Silvoso, E. (2002). Anointed for business: How to use your influence in the marketplace to change the world. Ventura, CA: Regal Books.
Smith, P., & Thurman, E. (2007). A Billion bootstraps: Microcredit, barefoot banking, and the business solution for ending poverty. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
Spear, R. (2006). Social entrepreneurship: A different model? International journal of social economics, 33(5/6), 399-410.
Steffen, T., & Barnett, M. (Eds). (2006). Business as mission: From impoverished to empowered. Pasadena, CA: William Carey Library.
Stevens, P. (1999). The other six days: Vocation, work, and ministry in biblical perspective. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans Publishing Co.
Stevens, P. (2001). The marketplace: Mission field or mission? Crux, 37(3), 7-16.
Suter, H., & Gmur, M. (1997). Business power for God’s purpose. VKG Publishing.
Swarr, B., & Nordstrom, D. (1999). Transform the world: Biblical vision and purpose for business. Center for entrepreneurship and economic development.
Taylor, G. (1998). Don’t call me a tentmaker. International journal of frontier missions, 15(1), 23-26.
Tewell, Thomas K. (2003). Ministering to the Business Community. Theology Today, 60(3): 344-356.
Tongoi, D. (2009). The challenges and opportunities for business as mission: A perspective from Africa. Connections, 8(2), 1-3.
Townsend, D., & Hart, T. (2008). Perceived institutional ambiguity and the choice of organizational form in social entrepreneurial ventures. Entrepreneurship: Theory and practice, 685-700.
Tunehag, M. (2001). Business as mission. Available at: http://www.globalconnections.co.uk/pdfs/businessasmissiontunehag.pdf.
Tunehag, M. (2008). A global overview of the business as mission movement: Needs & gaps. Available at: http://www.lausanne.org/all-documents/needs-gaps.html
Tunehag, M. (2009). The mission of business: CSR+. Available at: http://www.matstunehag.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/04/The-Mission-of-Business-CSR+1.pdf
Tunehag, M., McGee, W., & Plummer, J. (2004). Business as mission. Lausanne Occasional Paper #59. Available at: http://www.lausanne.org/documents/2004forum/LOP59_IG30.pdf
Van Duzer, J. (2010). Why business matters to God (and what still needs to be fixed). Downers Grove, IL: IVP Academic.
Vickers, I. (2010). Social enterprise and the environment: A review of the literature. Working Paper 22, Third Sector Research Centre. Available at: http://www.tsrc.ac.uk/LinkClick.aspx?fileticket=ecjpz7whQe4%3D&tabid=654
Westaway, K. (2011). New legal structures for ‘social entrepreneurs’. Wall Street Journal, December 12, 2011.
Wilson, Jr., & Wilson, C. (1979). Today’s tentmakers. Wheaton, IL: Tyndale Publishing Co.
Wong, S. and Rae, S. (2011). Business for the common good: A Christian vision for the marketplace. Downers Grove, IL: IVP Academic.
Yamamori, T. & Eldred, K. (Eds). (2003). On Kingdom business: Transforming mission through entrepreneurial strategies. Wheaton, IL: Crossway Books.
Yamamori, T. (1987). God’s new envoys: A bold strategy for penetrating closed countries. Portland, OR: Multnomah Press.
Yamamori, T. (1993). Penetrating missions’ final frontier: A new strategy for unreached peoples. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press.
Yunus, M., & Weber, K. (2007). Creating a world without poverty: Social business and the future of capitalism. New York: Public Affairs.
Yunus, M., Moingeon, B., & Lehmann-Ortega, L. (2010). Building social business models: Lessons from the Grameen experience. Long Range Planning, 43, 308-325.