by Mats Tunehag
Young children sold to sexual slavery. Yes, it was a grim fact of life year after year in a remote village in the Himalayas. Poverty was rampant and there was a lack of jobs. This made families desperate and vulnerable, and traffickers exploited the situation.
Some seasoned BAMers explored how they could change the situation. In communication and collaboration with the villagers they started an adventure tourism company with village home-stays. To make a long story short: this new economic opportunity transformed the village, and its families, for the good. Jobs with dignity were created and no more young children from this village have since been sold into slavery.
This is more than a sweet, and true, story from Nepal. This is an example of a growing number of companies that fight human trafficking through business. They are dealing with root causes to modern day slavery and they are tackling the systemic issues underpinning today’s evil – and highly profitable – slavery business.
Learning from History
In the 1700’s the slave trade was widely accepted and legal. It was, in fact, a backbone of the economy of the British Empire. It was a big, organised and transnational business.
William Wilberforce and the Clapham group decided to fight this evil trade. They chose to attack the systemic issue – the legality of the slave trade and slavery. To that end they organised a decades long campaign focusing on justice, aiming at a root cause. They worked politically to change unjust and ungodly laws that permitted that dehumanising trade.
They could have chosen an easier route of awareness campaigns and a boycott of sugar from plantations in Jamaica, but they knew such initiatives in themselves would not free the slaves or bring about lasting change. The feel good factor may have been higher, but the long-term outcomes would have been meagre.
Today the slave trade and slavery are illegal, but not dead. Human trafficking is modern day slavery, and it is a lucrative and evil business. Just like Wilberforce and his colleagues, we need to ask what the systemic issue is today, and we need to go beyond charitable actions to fight for justice and freedom.
Our reflex as Christians is often to respond to global needs and issues through non-profit, charity models. These often do good, vital work, however, the danger is that we stop there. We may get the ‘feel good factor’ without dealing with the systemic issues and root causes.
Wilberforce and the Clapham group were not popular; they worked against an institution – slavery – that was broadly accepted. Today, taking a position against human trafficking is far easier, the world will applaud you! But what kind of actions are needed to free slaves and restore human dignity today?
Tackling Root Causes of Human Trafficking
We need to identify root causes to human trafficking. One culprit is unemployment. Places with high unemployment and under-employment become high-risk areas, like the village in Nepal where traffickers trick and trap vulnerable people looking for jobs. We cannot talk about adequate prevention of human trafficking unless we include the creation of jobs that have dignity and adequate pay.
We must also answer the question, ‘Out of trafficking and into what?’ Jobs with dignity give hope of sustainable freedom and restoration to survivors. Thus, being effective at both human trafficking prevention and restoration requires us to create good jobs.
Who can create jobs with dignity? Answer: Business people!
Business Solutions: BAM & the Freedom Business Alliance
In 2012, the Business as Mission Global Think Tank assigned a working group to explore business solutions to human trafficking. The group identified businesses that aim at providing solutions to human trafficking, particularly by providing jobs for prevention and restoration.1 Often called freedom businesses, these companies exist to fight human trafficking, dealing with root causes and systemic issues.
To bring more freedom and dignity to more people there is a need for a growing number of scalable, profitable and reproducible freedom businesses. To that end the Freedom Business Alliance, FBA, was formed. FBA exists to scale the global freedom business movement.
Today FBA members include around 100 freedom businesses around the world. FBA is also collaborating with individuals, companies and non-profit organisations that are willing and able to assist freedom businesses and help grow the global movement.
FBA has a call to bring holistic freedom to those who are enslaved. We believe that strategic collaboration across the globe will create a greater impact to that end. In FBA we are prayerfully considering a goal of creating 100,000 jobs that will bring freedom and dignity.
The challenge before us is huge and, just as in the days of Wilberforce, a clear vision and tenacity are needed. Millions and millions are held as slaves today, and many others are at risk of being trafficked. Millions of jobs are needed for both prevention and restoration.
There is no quick fix to human trafficking. There is no ‘jump to freedom’; we have a long journey ahead. And as Nelson Mandela said: “There is no easy walk to freedom anywhere.” This is true for millions of slaves around the world, and also for the freedom business movement.
We invite you to join the movement! Let freedom ring…
1 See the BAM Global Think Tank Report: http://bamglobal.org/report-trafficking/
This post is part of a series of blogs in April 2019 focused on solving global issues with innovative BAM solutions.
The BAM 2.0 Series
Over the coming months we will go into greater depth on each of these key issues.
In March we will continue with our introduction to the series, looking at how far we’ve come and some of our ‘big hairy audacious goals’ for the future.
In April we’ll take a deep dive into our ‘Why’ – what are some of the pressing global issues that BAM can address, including poverty, unreached peoples, the refugee crisis and human trafficking.
In May we’ll look at some limiting issues such as the sacred-secular divide, our definition of success, our geographical depth and our connectedness; issues that we must overcome for future growth.
In June we’ll look at resource gaps to overcome, including human capital, financial capital, mentoring, prayer and continuity planning.
Mats Tunehag is a senior global ambassador for BAM and has worked in over half the countries of the world. He is the chairman of BAM Global and of the Freedom Business Alliance. Visit MatsTunehag.com for BAM resources in 19 languages.